CIRCUMCISION: An Evidence-Based Appraisal - A balanced up-to-date review of scientific studies on circumcision that have been published in reputable international medical and scientific journals.

  • What is Circumcision? - Circumcision is the removal of a simple fold of skin (the `foreskin' or `prepuce') that covers the head (glans) of the un-erect penis.
  • Circumcision - Who in the world gets circumcised? - Circumcision is one of the most common medical procedures in the world, with 25 circumcisions performed every minute worldwide.
  • The Circumcision Debate - Historically circumcision has been a topic of emotive and often irrational debate. At least part of the reason is that a sex organ is involved.
  • Circumcision - History and Recent Trends - Circumcision pre-dates recorded history. Egyptian mummies and wall carvings record the practice of circumcision over 4000 years ago.
  • Circumcision - Position Statements by National Pediatric Bodies - Medical scientific evidence pointing to the benefits of neonatal circumcision, the pediatric professional bodies of various countries have been forced to review the evidence and formulate more up-to-date policy statements.
  • Circumcision Infection - foreskin increases infection risk! - Circumcision infection - the foreskin is composed of an outer layer that is keratinized (as is skin generally), and an inner lining that is a mucosal surface.
  • Benefits of Circumcision - health benefits and reviews - Benefits of circumcision - Decrease in physical problems involving a tight foreskin. Lower incidence of inflammation of the head of the penis. Fewer problems with erections, especially at puberty.
  • Circumcision - Different Specialists SeeDifferent Things - The demand for circumcision later in childhood has increased. "Current evidence concerning the life-time medical benefit of newborn circumcision favours an affirmative choice
  • Circumcision Benefits - benefits outweigh the risks - Circumcision benefits out weigh the risks. The benefits of male circumcision discussed by Dr Tom Wiswell.
  • Circumcision Pain and Memory - The response is variable and, even without anesthetic, some babies show no signs of distress at all.
  • Circumcision - Penile Hygiene - The proponents of not circumcising nevertheless stress that lifelong penile hygiene is required.
  • What Motivates Parents to Baby Boy Circumcision? - Main reason for baby boy circumcision may in fact have more to do with hygiene and appearance.
  • Circumcision Rates - different countries - The circumcision rates are recorded by the Centre for Disease Control's National Center for Health Statistics(NCHS)[240]
  • Circumcision - Physical Problems - Circumcision - Physical Problems. adult circumcision problems, uncircumcised boy etc...
  • Circumcision - Inflammatory Dermatoses - Circumcision - balanoposthitis: (inflammation of the foreskin and glans) is common in uncircumcised diabetic men, owing to a weakened shrunken penis [104] and such men also have more intercourse problems.
  • Circumcision - Urinary Tract Infections - Circumcision - infections of the urinary tract (UTI) are regarded as being COMMON in the pediatric population [192]. The highest prevalence and greatest severity of UTIs in boys is prior to 6 months of age [316, 392]
  • Circumcision - Sexually Transmitted Infections and Disease - Circumcision - Sexually Transmitted Infections and Disease. The possible protection afforded by circumcision against syphilis, genital herpes and urethritis was recognized over a century ago [290]. Subsequently, in 1947,
  • Circumcision - Cancer of the Penis - Circumcision - Cancer of the Penis. Penile cancer accounts for approx. 0.2% of all malignancies in men in the USA and 0.1% of cancer deaths, the 5-year survival rate being 50%.
  • Circumcision - Prostate Cancer - Prostate cancer accounts for one-quarter of all new cancers in males and 7% of deaths [21]. Uncircumcised men have more than twice the incidence of prostate cancer compared with circumcised [16, 103, 287]
  • Cervical Cancer in Female Partners of Uncircumcised Men - A number of studies have documented higher rates of cervical cancer in women who have had one or more male sexual partners who were uncircumcised.
  • Breast Cancer in Female Partners of Uncircumcised Men - Thus an uncircumcised male partner may also increase a woman’s risk of breast cancer, which is a very common cancer in women.
  • Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 in Women - Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 in Women. HPV, a history of sexual intercourse with an uncircumcised man (ever) was reported in 2003 to be a risk factor for herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection in women.
  • Chlamydia in Women - Women whose male partner is uncircumcised have a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner is circumcised
  • Trichomonas in Women - Thus the risk of Trichomonas vaginalis was 48% lower in the wives of the men who were in the circumcised arm of the trial. It was suggested that the moist nature of the subpreputial space might enhance the survival of Trichomonas.
  • Bacterial Vaginosis in Women - Bacterial vaginosis is one of the most common infections in women and, in a systematic review and meta-analysis, its epidemiology appeared to be similar to that of established STIs.
  • Circumcision and Socio-Sexual Aspects - Circumcision - A circumcised penis was favoured by women for appearance and hygiene. (Furthermore, some women were nauseated by the smell of the uncircumcised penis, where, as mentioned earlier, bacteria and other micro-organisms proliferate under the foreskin.)

    Country:, Oceania, AU

    City: 151.2055 New South Wales, Australia

  • Amos Clyde - does the job

    This unit replaced an identical, 220-volt version by Oster because the first unit developed a water leak, which I read is common with this model. But the first one lasted 4 years with no problem, and considering the price, if this one lasts as long, it's worth it, despite the noise it generates when it pumps. It does the job, I have no substantive complaints.

  • Desert Ghosts - Read Ingredients Carefully

    This was nice feeling at first but after a couple days it broke out my skin into a horrible rash, so now I have a still healing tattoo that burns like hell. I would be really careful using this especially if you have sensitive skin. I've had reactions to products with beeswax or honey in the past and its not an uncommon skin allergy, so please do a test before you use.

  • Michael L. Horton - Not a happy camper

    did not have state forms, had to purchase it for 39.95. So together I paid 69.95. most deluxe versions have both federal and state.

  • Jeepers - IT WORKS!

    IT WORKS! But you'll have to bear the pain! As they say no pain no gain!! I've had this very painful plantar wart for some months which made me limp. I tried almost everything before this and therefore I was doubtful it would work. Apple cider did start to give me some relief, but it was taking too long. So I used Freeze Off. READ THE INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY! BUT EXTEND THE FREEZING TIME BY 20 SECONDS OR MORE THAN THAT RECOMMENDED. Mind you, it will hurt, but it will surely kill the wart! After applying Freeze Off I continued to cover it with Compound W One Step Invisible Strips Wart Remover Medicated Strips, replacing it every two days, for two weeks. IT'S GONE & I CAN WALK NORMALLY AGAIN. COMPLAINT - The product did not contain the scraper as the box says it does!

  • Mr. Joseph A. Morris Jr. - Small changes go a long way!

    This cube has a much more fluid movement than any other cube that I have owned. I keep it on my desk at work and the slight curves make a lot of my coworkers want to play with it. The V Cube is very well built. I love it!

  • Pamela Guzzino - Best heel cream I have ever tried - and I have tried MANY!!!! Healed my heels!!!

    I have had a problem with cracked heels for years. My heels have become so bad, that it is downright painful to walk. I do not have diabetes or anything unusual, I just hate socks and shoes, walk around barefoot a lot, and as soon as the weather breaks I am in flip-flops constantly. My feet are very dry and I have tried all kinds of creams and lotions to help me.